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|Title||Diary of Martha Spence Heywood [microform] : 1850-1856.|
|Creator||Heywood, Martha Spence, 1812-1873.|
|Physical Description||125 frames.|
|Biographical Note||Martha Spence Heywood (1812-1873) was born in Ireland and traveled with her sister to New York in 1834. She lived throughout New York State and Canada and joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day in Canada in 1848. In 1850 she traveled to Utah and became a plural wife of Joseph L. Heywood in 1851. Martha primarily lived in Nephi and supported herself by hat-making and teaching school. In 1861 she settled in Washington, Utah, and taught school until her death in 1873.|
|Notes||Microfilm of a typescript of Martha Spence Heywood's diary, kept from 1850-1856. It begins when Martha was living in Kanesville, Iowa, after joining the Mormon Church and while waiting to travel westward. She gives a brief account of her baptism in Canada and sojourns with various Mormon families in New York State. She also recounts her travels to St. Louis in 1849 and teaching school in Springville. Martha departed with the Joseph Heywood company for Utah in 1850 and gives a detailed account of the company's journey across the plains. The majority of the diary recounts in detail Martha's life in Nephi, Utah, from 1850-1856. She writes personal and insightful insights on polygamy (shortly after her marriage to Heywood she wrote "Tis rather trying to a woman's feelings not to be acknowledged by the man she has given herself to and desires to love with all her heart" ), the birth and raising of her children, her illnesses from childbirth, the death of her daughter Serepta Maria from measles in 1856, her loneliness in Nephi (she wrote that she "could not bear" to be left alone by her husband and taught school in 1854 since it was "of much benefit to me as the activity...and its responsibility prevented lonesomeness that otherwise would have been disagreeable" ), and politics within the Mormon settlement at Nephi. She also writes of Indian troubles, including Mormons killed by Indians in 1853, and of the discovery of two bodies dressed in United States livery who were shot to death in November 1852. Martha also writes frequently of her acquaintances in Nephi, visits by Brigham Young, and a variety of other domestic concerns. The original diary is housed in the Manuscripts Division of the J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah. On reel (frames 1-125) with MSS MFILM 00162 and 00163. All inquiries about this item should be directed to the H. Russell Smith Foundation Curator of Western Historical Manuscripts at the Huntington Library, San Marino, CA. Microfilm. San Marino, Calif. : Huntington Library Photographic Dept., 1949. 1 microfilm reel : negative 35 mm. Forms part of the Manuscripts Department's Mormon file, c.1805-1995.|
|Provenance||Microfilm of original typescript loaned by the Utah State Historical Society through Juanita Brooks, June 2, 1949.|
Heywood, Joseph Leland, 1815-1910.
Heywood, Martha Spence, 1812-1873.
Young, Brigham, 1801-1877.
Domestic relations -- Utah.
Frontier and pioneer life -- Utah.
Mormon cities and towns.
Mormons -- Utah -- History -- 19th century.
Overland journeys to the Pacific.
Polygamy -- Utah.
Nephi (Utah) -- History.
Utah -- History.
|Form/Genre||Diaries Utah 19th century. (aat)|
|Department||The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department|
|Call Number||MSS MFilm 00161|
|Physical Collection||Mormon Manuscripts at the Huntington Library|
|Digital Collection||Mormonism and the West, Huntington Digital Library|
|Restrictions||For information on using Huntington Library materials, please see Reproductions of Huntington Library Holdings: http://www.huntington.org/WebAssets/Templates/content.aspx?id=588 .|
|Cataloging Notes||Finding guide for entire collection: http://hdl.huntington.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15150coll1/id/5312.|
|Unique Digital Identifier||446199|