William Henry Mayo (1845-1905), a native of St. Landry Parish, La., enlisted in Co. F. of the 8th Regiment of Louisiana Infantry of the Confederate Army. With his regiment, he fought in in Jackson's Valley Campaign and the campaigns of 1862-1865, including the Seven Days Battles, Maryland Campaign, Gettysburg, Chancellorville, Cold Harbor, Early's operations in the Shenandoah Valley, and Appomattox. Mayo rose to the rank of the regimental adjutant. After the war he returned to St. Landry Parish and was engaged in general merchandize and farming. In 1867-69, he was mayor of Washington, La. (1867-1869). In 1871, he moved to St. Louis, Mo. where he became correspondent and superintendent of circulation of the Saint Louis Daily Times. He then was a member of the editorial board of the Freemason. A staunch Democrat, Mayo was secretary of the Democratic state central committee and for two terms secretary of the state senate of Missouri. In 1866, he married Ella Agatha Curley of New Orleans. Mayo's son Harry Nathaniel Mayo (b. 1867), was a physician and Lieutenant Colonel of the Army. He received his MD in 1895 at Baltimore Medical College. In 1890, he married Elizabeth B. Torbett of Salt Lake City, Utah. He was Medical director of the Continental Life Insurance & Investment Co., Surgeon of the Holy Cross Hospital (Salt Lake City), and was a prominent Free Mason. His daughter Etha (1895-1996) married E.R. Woodruff, son of one of the most prominent Salt Lake City families. The Woodruff family -- John M. and Lucinda M. Woodruff and their two sons, moved from their native New York to Boone County, Ill. in 1849. Their eldest son Russell O. Woodruff joined Co. B. of the 15th Illinois Infantry Regiment. John Dwight Woodruff (1847-1925) moved West in 1865. He first settled in Longmont, Colo. and then in 1867, moved to Ft. Laramie, Wyo. John D. Woodruff, known as a trapper, prospector, and Indian fighter, erved as a government scout and took part in Sheridan's expedition from Fort Washakie to Little Big Horn. He also pioneered sheep industry in Wyoming and was a member of the state legislature. The youngest son, Edward Day Woodruff (1849-1925) studied medicine in Chicago. In 1880, while visiting his brother in Wyoming, he received an offer to become surgeon for Union Pacific Coal Co. and resident surgeon for Union Pacific Railway Co. He married Minnette M. Roberts of Omaha, Nebraska, in 1882. In 1890, the Woodruffs moved to Salt Lake City. Edward D. Woodruff was one of the founders of Troy Steam Laundry and invested in various mining and agricultural operations. He served as President of the Utah Sons of the American Revolution, and in 1913 became President of the Salt Lake City Chamber of Commerce and Commercial Club. Edward Day Woodruff's daughter Lesley married B. Franklin Riter (1886-1966), the prominent lawyer known was his effort to repeal the 18th Amendment, the coordinator of the boards of review the Judge Advocate General during the World War II and the first Utah lawyer ever elected to the board of governors of the American Bar Association. Lesley Day Woodruff was a family historian who published biographical sketches of her family in the Annals of Wyoming.
Scope and Content
The mansucripts include William H. Mayo's diaries; a ledger of the medical office of Harry N. Mayo (1902-1903), and three memoirs recorded by Lesley Woodruff Ritter. The correspondence includes letters from Edward R. Woorduff written from Kelly Field outside of San Antonio, Texas, where he received training while waiting for assignment from the United States Army (1918). The photographs include a Civil War tintype of William H. Mayo; photographs of Delamar, Nev. a group photograph of miners, by Rothrock Photographers, Phoenix, Ariz. and two photographs of Indian sun dance (early 1900s., Shiplers Commercial Photographies, Salt Lake City). Two Civil War diaries of William H. Mayo depict his war time experiences from June 1, 1863 through Feb. 15, 1865 (at which point he ran out of paper), including his accounts of the Gettysburg Campaign, operations along Orange and Rapidan Railway, and Cold Harbor. The young man flirted his way throughout Maryland and Virginia; the diary contains accounts of his encounters with various young ladies, ("nothing improper" in his own words), as well as with other civilians, including some Union sympathizers. His post-war diary (1868, Mar. 1 - Nov. 10) includes accounts of his farming (he operated a cotton plantation, apparently single-handedly, since an experiment with hiring a "negro Pearce" proved a disappointment), and various business pursuits as well his political career. The latter contains accounts of his activities as the Commissioner of election, including registering the voters, "a good deal of exciting talk about black & white party & candidates" attending a "Democratic Barbecue" and a "large Democratic meeting." Typewritten manuscripts prepared by Lesley Woodruff Riter include memoirs of the Civil War service of her uncle, Russell O. Woodruff of 15th Illinois Infantry, who spent time in Andersonville Prison, and the reminscences of her father Edward Day Woodruff. The latter are accompanied by photographs: copies were produced by Shiplers Commercial Photography, Salt Lake City, Utah. Edward Day Woordruff's memoirs talk about Fort Laramie, Wyo., the Chinese, the Rock Spring Massacre, mining, outlaws, the building of railroads, mountain men and trappers, the Oregon Trail, as well as the Shoshoni Indians and Chief Washakie. Edward also talks a lot about his brother John Dwight (J.D.) Woodruff.
Note Gift of Edward Charles Woodruff, October 18, 2007.