The Long family, originally from Wiltshire, England, was for many years associated with Jamaica and was part of the governing planter elite of the island. A notable member of the family, Edward Long (1734-1813), was a colonial administrator, judge and historian, who wrote "The History of Jamaica" (1774). The Dawkins family was another British planter-ruling family in Jamaica, and the two families were united through the marriage of Richard Dawkins (1768-1848) and Jane Catherine Long (1764-1826). Dawkins held a Treasury appointment (1813) as Auditor of the British forces' accounts in Spain and Portugal during the Peninsular Wars. Other notable family members include Robert Ballard Long (1771-1825), a British cavalry officer, popular with his troops but considered too abrasive toward his superiors and, at the instigation of the Prince Regent, sent home to England in 1814. Edward James Dawkins became a British diplomat who served in Europe, Greece and Central America.
Scope and Content
This collection is an excellent research resource for an English military and diplomatic family in the 19th century; specifically the period covering the Napoleonic Wars and British diplomatic influence in Europe and Central America. Though there is a strong family connection to Jamaica, there is no material in the collection related to Jamaica, slavery or Edward Long's belief in polygenism.
The collection includes correspondence, documents and manuscripts; the majority of the letters are between Long and Dawkins family members, mainly Edward Long, Robert Ballard Long, Jane Catherine Dawkins, Edward James Dawkins, Charles Beckford Long, Robert Dawkins, Elizabeth Molyneux-Howard (Lady Howard), and Caroline Dawkins. Also included are three letter books, a small number of letters and documents relating to the Treasury appointment and diplomatic careers of Richard Dawkins and Edward James Dawkins and letters to and from George Hamilton Gordon (Earl of Aberdeen), George Canning, Robert Stewart (Viscount Castlereagh), Treasury Commissioners, and Henry John Temple (Viscount Palmerston). This material also includes letters and documents relating to Eaton College and John Keate, Sir John Moore, the Napoleonic Wars, and the Duke of Wellington. The manuscripts include a family history written by Robert Mowbray Howard in the 1920s, as well as research material used for this history, and the notes and Summary Report of an earlier cataloger of the collection, historian Paul H. Hardace. There is one folder of ephemera.